What is HACCP ?

HACCP in de tuinbouw Hygiene is very important in fruit and vegetable production for the food safety. HACCP-guidelines will help guarantee the food safety by mapping the risks in the production process. With these HACCP-guidelines risks can be limited and problems can be prevented. In this way, risks can be limited.

Types of risks

HACCP consists of two pillars: the analysis of the risk factors (HA = Hazard Analysis) and the determination of the critical control points within the production process at which these risk factors must be monitored (Critical Control Points). The HACCP-system distinguishes three different kinds of risks:
  • Microbiological risks: contamination with bacteria, fungi, viruses or viroids.
  • Chemical risks: hazardous substances such as residues of pesticides or other harmful substances
  • Physical risks: including glass and sharp metal or wood particles.

HACCP Guidelines

There is no premade protocol for HACCP in horticulture; every company has to develop this system itself. However, there are seven guidelines that you can use to comply with the HACCP guidelines:
  • Identify all possible risks at your company.
  • Determine which risks actually constitute a danger and what measures you can take to prevent this danger.
  • Identify the critical management points within your company so that you can monitor them and thus prevent, eliminate or reduce the consequences of the risk to an acceptable level.
  • For each CCP, indicate the critical limits: at what point should action be taken at the various critical control points?
  • Determine how the CCPs should be monitored: how should control be carried out at each point?
  • Define the measures to be taken per CCP when the risk is not controlled, so that the situation can be secured again.
  • Make sure that the CCPs are checked periodically to guarantee a safe situation.
  • Keep documentation and records of the system and the checks, so that the system implementation can be checked by authorities.

HACCP Points of attention in horticulture

There is no clear roadmap for HACCP in horticulture. However, there are several points you can take into account:
  • There are several factors that influence the company's hygiene. Include them in the hygiene plan. People, in particular, pose a serious risk of spreading diseases. Hand disinfection and the disinfection of footwear upon entry is therefore of the utmost importance.
  • The cleaning of materials is also important. For cleaning machines and equipment that come in contact with vegetables or fruits, a HACCP-certified cleaning agent must be used. 
  • Wearing blue gloves ensures that products cannot become contaminated by bacteria or other forms of contamination on the hands. The blue colour makes the glove more visible when employees lose it. This also applies to blue plasters. In addition, metal foil is incorporated in the glove, so that a metal detector detects the plaster.
  • Employees are often aware of the hygiene rules at the company, but visitors are not. Therefore, ensure a clear hygiene protocol for visitors and offer them the right protective clothes (such as overshoes, guest coats, gloves and hairnets).
  • Good hygiene is also important in the production and processing process. For example, by working with different colored or numbered tools, the risk of losing tools is reduced.Moreover, plastic tools prevent contamination of the product, because no bacteria can settle in them (in contrast to wooden tools).
  • When lubricating machines, you need to use a lubricating oil with the Food Grade quality mark. Products with this quality mark are completely safe for consumption.
  • If you work with food products, make sure that HACCP certified lamps that meet the food hygiene standards are also used in the processing area. In case of breakage, the glass fragments and chemicals from the lamp are safely collected, so that they cannot end up on or in your product. 

Overview of HACCP products

There are several products available that are HACCP approved for use in horticulture. Below you will find a total overview of these products:

HACCP handschoenen

HACCP gastenjassen

HACCP overalls
HACCP Gloves
Visitor Coats
HACCP Overalls





HACCP overschoenen

HACCP baretten

HACCP ontsmettingsmat
Overshoes
Barets
Disinfectant mats





HACCP handenontsmetting

HACCP verbanddozen

HACCP messen en scharen
Hand Disinfectants
First Aid Kits
Knives and secateurs





HACCP olie

HACCP ongediertebestrijding

Hygiënestations
Oil
Ongediertebestrijding
Disinfection units
     
HACCP lampen
    
Lighting    



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